The employment-based green card, also known as a permanent resident card, allows foreign nationals to live and work in the United States on a permanent basis. If you are seeking to obtain an employment-based green card, it is important to understand the process and requirements for applying. In this ultimate guide, we will cover the steps involved in applying for an employment-based green card and provide tips for a successful application, immigrant visa or lawful permanent resident.
Eligibility for an Employment – Based Green Card
Before you can apply for an employment-based green card, you must first determine if you are eligible. There are several categories of employment-based green cards, each with its own eligibility requirements.
The first category is for individuals with extraordinary ability in the arts, sciences, education, business, or athletics. To qualify, you must be able to demonstrate sustained national or international acclaim and recognition in your field.
The second category is for individuals who are outstanding professors or researchers. To qualify, you must have an international reputation for your outstanding achievements in a specific academic field.
The third category is for individuals with advanced degrees or exceptional ability in the sciences, arts, or business. To qualify, you must have a higher degree or its equivalent and demonstrate exceptional ability in your field.
The fourth category is for certain religious skilled workers. To qualify, you must have been a member of a religious denomination for at least two years prior to your application and be seeking to enter the United States to work as a minister or in a religious vocation or occupation.
The fifth category is for individuals seeking a national interest waiver. To qualify, you must be able to demonstrate that your work in the United States is in the national interest and that you have exceptional ability in your field.
It is important to note that these are just a few examples of the categories of employment-based green cards. It is recommended that you consult with an immigration lawyer knowledgeable about immigration law or the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to determine your eligibility.
Applying for an Employment – Based Green Card
Once you have determined that you are eligible for an employment-based green card, you can begin the application process. The first step is to have your employer file a petition on your behalf with the USCIS. Your employer will need to provide evidence that they are offering you a full-time job offer and that there are no qualified U.S. workers available to fill the position like other workers.
If your petition is approved, you will receive a Notice of Approval (Form I-797). This does not mean that you have been granted a green card, but rather that you are now eligible to apply for one.
The next step is to complete the green card application process. This involves submitting the necessary forms and documents, including a completed Form I-485 (Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status), supporting documents, and the appropriate fees. It is important to carefully read the instructions and complete the forms accurately, as any mistakes could delay the process or result in your application being denied.
Once your application has been submitted, you may be required to attend an interview with a USCIS officer. This is an opportunity for the officer to verify the information provided in your application and to ask any additional questions.
Check Employment Green Card Status
It is important to keep track of your employment green card status throughout the application process. You can check the status of your application online through the USCIS website or by calling the National Customer Service Center.
If your application is approved, you will receive a Notice of Approval (Form I-797). This means that you have been granted an employment-based green card and can now live and work in the United States on a permanent basis. If your application is denied, you will receive a Notice of Denial (Form I-797) explaining the reason for the denial. In this case, you may have the option to appeal the decision or file a new application.
Tips for a Successful Application
There are several things you can do to increase your chances of a successful employment-based green card application:
- Gather all necessary documents and forms before starting the application process. This includes proof of your employment offer, your qualifications and experience, and any supporting documents required for your specific category of employment-based green card.
- Carefully read and follow the instructions for each form and document. Any mistakes or incomplete information could result in delays or denial of your application.
- Pay the appropriate fees on time. Failure to pay the fees could result in your application being denied.
- Attend any required interviews or appointments on time and be prepared to answer questions about your application and qualifications without family members.
Obtaining an employment-based green card can be a complex process, but it is a valuable opportunity for foreign nationals to live and work in the United States on a permanent basis. By understanding the eligibility requirements and following the steps involved in the application process, you can increase your chances of a successful application. It is also important to check your employment green card status regularly and to seek the advice of an immigration lawyer if you have any questions or concerns.